Sport serves to combat stress. But it can sometimes also be its cause. Especially in football, where it is not always easy to handle in the proper competitive tension. Negative emotions ar
e at risk of damaging not only the outcome of a match, but also the career of a player. How to avoid it?
That put remedies, it is important to know what stress is, what are its causes, how manifests… And why it affects both players. According to an investigation by the University 21st century, players are the group most exposed to negative as uneasiness, nervousness or fear emotions.
But negative emotions do not adhere to top-level soccer. They also affect the players in the formative stage. I.e. to children and adolescents, who fail to live the way sport healthy. “There are two types of elements that trigger stress in football”
1. Stressors External: are environmental factors that surround football player, such as the expectations generated by his performance, the importance of a match, the difficulties that may have your equipment, pressure from friends and family or a too tight schedule.
2. Stressors Internal: refer to everything that is ‘inside’ of the athlete, as their own expectations, their negative attitude, low self-esteem or its poor management of emotions.
These factors usually cause symptoms both physical and mental. As examples, responsible for calcium Scouting – Italian project whose objective is to foster the growth of the footballer from psychological and educational aspects of its person – mentions “fatigue, tachycardia, disorders of sleep, loss of appetite, headaches, or predisposition to injuries”.
The consequences of stress tend to cause lower athletic performance and, in some cases, the abandonment of activity. In football, this occurs when Sport is no longer a healthy fun and begins to be lived as an authentic psychological torture. It is that in the Anglo-Saxon world is known as syndrome the ‘Burnout’. That is, be burned.
A study coordinated by Dr. Andrew Hill, Professor of science of exercise in the University of Leeds, indicates that 25% of players in juvenile stage experience symptoms of ‘burnout’. The research underlines that most exposed to stress competitive footballers are warning the pressure of their environment or those who have more means to make mistakes. Cravings prevent them to act in a productive manner on the pitch. Lost security in themselves and hesitate to place Act fast and effectively.
So, is clear that manage their stress is a fundamental requirement for any footballer who want to highlight. In sport, the emotions are so important as the technique or tactics. That is why there is no longer a level team that does not have a sports psychologist on staff. Design strategies to combat stress : competitive is one of its main tasks. To achieve this objective, it is necessary to act on three fronts:
1.Self-awarenes: It is important that the footballer know internal and external factors that cause you stress. It’s largely subjective elements, that it can be determined with personalized attention from a sports psychologist.
2. Overtraining: To keep stress under control is essential to good modular rhythms and dynamics of physical activity. A planning wrong and an extremely tight schedule – both training and competition – end up burning the player and diminishing their performance. In this case, more is less.
3. Lifestyle: For a footballer, it is essential to take care in day to day, by adopting a suitable process for its development as an athlete. Not only from the physically (diet, rest, healthy habits…), but also from the psychological (emotional training techniques, relaxation…).
Acting in these three directions is key to win the game to stress. But success is possible as long as players have with the collaboration the Technical Department of his team. In this sense, is essential that trainers understand the importance of managing stress and be able to Act in the best way with situations of ‘burnout’. Because nowadays no team can afford to dispense with the sports psychology. Less when it comes to footballers in training.